Estonian e-Residency

Estonia is the first country to offer e-Residency. An e-resident is a foreigner, for whom, as a benefit, Estonia has created a digital identity and issued digital identity card – an e-resident digi-ID, on the basis of the identification credentials of their own country of citizenship.

What can I do with my e-resident’s digital identity

Your electronic ID is key to all the Estonian e-services that require authenticaion.Holders of e-resident’s card can sign documents digitally and log into every portal and access every information system that accepts Estonian ID-card.

E-residents can establish a company in Estonia over the Internet and actively participate in managing it while living abroad. E-residency also makes management easy for entrepreneurs who have already invested and created a company in Estonia.

Thanks to e-residency, entrepreneurs from outside the European Union will have a chance to conveniently establish a company in Estonia and organise management within the European Union.

For example, entrepreneurs who are e-residents can make transactions in the internet bank, electronically submit income tax returns, as well as digitally sign documents and contracts.

NB! E-residency does not provide tax residency, right of residence, or permission to enter Estonia or the European Union. The digital ID of an e-resident is not a physical identity or travel document and it does not include a photo.

At the Estonian State portal you currently can:

  • forward your @eesti.ee e-mail address to your regular e-mail address to receive notifications from the state
  • digitally sign and share documents uploaded to My Documents
  • use other e-services that eventually would become relevant to you as your business and personal activities in Estonia expand.

See e-residency statistics in real time

How to apply for e-Residency

You can apply for e-Residency:

  • online at the Estonian E-Residency website;
  • in Estonia, at the service points of the Police and Border Guard in Estonia;
  • at the Estonian embassies and consular offices around the world.

The state fee upon applying for an ID card of an e-resident is 100 euros.

More information on applying for a digital identity document is available on the website of the Police and Border Guard Board.

How to establish a company electronically

E-residents can use the Company Registration Portal of the e-Commercial Register to establish a company quickly and conveniently.

More information and help in establishing a company can be found on the website of e-residency.

Once a company is registered, you can create an account to use the e-Tax/e-Customs and start using all e-services for business clients.

Conclusion of the e-Tax Board/e-Customs contract

E-residency and taxes

An e-resident is a non-resident according to Estonian tax legislation. Only income derived in Estonia is taxed in Estonia.

The Estonian e-residency does not automatically exempt from taxation elsewhere.

E-residents can use the Estonian Tax and Customs Board’s electronic services in the e-Tax/e-Customs environment on the same conditions as the persons with the Estonian ID card.

More information can be found on the website of Tax and Customs Board.