Estonia is the first country to offer e-Residency. An e-resident is a foreigner, for whom, as a benefit, Estonia has created a digital identity and issued digital identity card – an e-resident digi-ID, on the basis of the identification credentials of their own country of citizenship.
What can I do with my e-resident’s digital identity
Your electronic ID is key to all the Estonian e-services that require authenticaion.Holders of e-resident’s card can sign documents digitally and log into every portal and access every information system that accepts Estonian ID-card.
E-residents can establish a company in Estonia over the Internet and actively participate in managing it while living abroad. E-residency also makes management easy for entrepreneurs who have already invested and created a company in Estonia.
Thanks to e-residency, entrepreneurs from outside the European Union will have a chance to conveniently establish a company in Estonia and organise management within the European Union.
For example, entrepreneurs who are e-residents can make transactions in the internet bank, electronically submit income tax returns, as well as digitally sign documents and contracts.
NB! E-residency does not provide tax residency, right of residence, or permission to enter Estonia or the European Union. The digital ID of an e-resident is not a physical identity or travel document and it does not include a photo.
At the Estonian State portal you currently can:
How to apply for e-Residency
You can apply for e-Residency:
The state fee upon applying for an ID card of an e-resident is 100 euros.
More information on applying for a digital identity document is available on the website of the Police and Border Guard Board.
How to establish a company electronically
E-residents can use the Company Registration Portal of the e-Commercial Register to establish a company quickly and conveniently.
More information and help in establishing a company can be found on the website of e-residency.
Once a company is registered, you can create an account to use the e-Tax/e-Customs and start using all e-services for business clients.
E-residency and taxes
An e-resident is a non-resident according to Estonian tax legislation. Only income derived in Estonia is taxed in Estonia.
The Estonian e-residency does not automatically exempt from taxation elsewhere.
E-residents can use the Estonian Tax and Customs Board’s electronic services in the e-Tax/e-Customs environment on the same conditions as the persons with the Estonian ID card.
More information can be found on the website of Tax and Customs Board.